Second year radio broadcasting programs on Solid Waste Management

For the second year radio broadcasting season, Cesvi’s SWM team and PCCD produced 7 radio programs and 2 story-plots within the framework of the Awareness Campaign on best practices in solid waste management. The programs were broadcasted by Yangon Radio City FM, who supported the production also in the recording and editing phases in the first year.

The second year radio activities gave another opportunity to the project team to extend the awareness campaign to the whole city, beyond the boundaries of the three project townships again.


Recording activity for radio campaign at City FM

Using the format of 20-minute conversations between the presenter and the guests interviewed, the radio programs and plots explored themes like the positive impact of reducing, reusing and recycling, the reasons why citizens must contribute keeping the city clean, project activities on 3 components that PCCD is conducting to raise awareness related to solid waste management, the potential of green compost made by separating wet and dry waste and aspects of the Awareness Campaign conducted in Yangon.

Beyond Cesvi and PCCD staff, also ChuChu producers were interviewed to explain their work of recycling plastic and producing new items and to raise awareness on the opportunities of recycling.

The radio campaign contributed to improve knowledge and good practices on Solid Waste Management among Yangon communities.


The display of the rewarded photos from the photo contest organized by SWM team













“A piece of waste  is not a problem. But all in a waste pile  from everyone makes our city dangerous.”

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Distribution of 2015 Awareness Calendar

To promote the awareness in waste of community SWM2 Project team approach in many ways.

In order to extend the coverage of community awareness, SWM2 team create 2015 calendar and distributed to the community. The 2015 Calendar is mainly portrayed on the Recycling, take the opportunity to produce the compost by wet and dry waste segregation and city clean. 2015 Calendar was illustrated with cartoon design, as the same as 2014 Calendar. The cartoon design was created by U Win Myint Aung, Cartoonist. The messages on the calendar are easily understandable and visible.

Calendars were distributed to the houses, apartments, shops and pedestrians during the community awareness campaigns in targeted townships. People like the calendar for its beauty and design in addition to its usefulness. Some shops stick the calendar on their wall immediately after they receive it. Therefore, everyone who comes to these shops can see the calendar and awareness messages are already spread.



In addition, the team distributed the calendars during the community awareness event at the market. In Myanmar, as families use to buy food only for one day cooking, therefore markets are gathering point from household. As community awareness campaign was held at the market, it is already spread widely to the community.

In summary, 2015 awareness calendars are hanged at the wall of shops and houses during the whole year and it will make awareness rising to the users whenever they use the calendar and remind the awareness message to those who already know


The Prizes or presnts for SWM Photo Contest



Solid Waste Management Photo Contest

With the title of “Your waste of yesterday, where is it today?”, TODAY OPEN: 3 weeks long photo contest as part of Solid Waste Management Project in Yangon.

How do you see solid waste? Let us know by taking a picture related to solid waste in your home or in your area with a comment explaining the photo, drawings in your mind, poems, essay, songs as well as text, send it to our online page facebook page Solid Waste Management-SWM Yangon   and take the chance to win beautiful prices and to see your very own picture publishes in this newspaper, in one month’s time!!

The best work will also be uploaded on our facebook page and prices include BEAUTIFUL DESIGNS FROM kYUTkYUT!!

Our vision is to live in a clean Yangon. Collaborate with us in order to be an ambassador of a better environment.

Learning together what all of us can do in terms of recycling, reusing things, reducing garbage and keep the city dashing and beautiful!!!

The rules for context

  1. The competitor must take part only his own camerawork.
  2. The contest is only from 30 April 2015 to 17 May 2015.
  3. Competitor cannot describe or upload or compete which are related to political issues or religious issues.
  4. The competitor must not break the laws in the country.
  5. The winner competitors must agree his selected one in order to use in the process of the awareness campaign by SWM team.
  6. If uploaded items are not suitable for Myanmar Community, SWM team has the right to delete it.
  7. The competitor can take part one more photos. It is necessary to include the caption for the photo you sent.
  8. We will not consider the competitor who is not followed the assigned context’s rules.
  9. They competitor can refer to the things from the project website, blog and facebook pages.
  • The prizes will be selected by voting from the project evaluation team. And also we will consider the number of the “Like”.

(If there is an argument during the context, the project team’s decisions will be inclusive.)


Setting up the compost pilot project

  • Searching organization who are willing to involve in compost pilot project

To search organization for compost pilot project, SWM team made power point presentation in order to introduce the compost production process from green vegetable waste of urban market and important of compost explained by agronomist consultant to parents of students in EDEN school were explained.

  • Meeting with parent association of EDEN students

After power point presentation, Cesvi invited the persons who were interested in compost production to attend the second meeting as a second step. At the meeting, the compost production place, the stagey for collecting the green vegetable waste from nearest market and detail compost production process were able to be discussed.

  • Making agreement contract between CESVI and Parents of student from EDEN association

U Thu ka U, the managing director of the Eden Disable School, and the nine student’s parents signed the agreement with Cesvi for compost pilot project on 3 March, 2015.

  • Asking for the permission to YCDC, PCCD to get required equipment for compost production pilot project and also ask to make agreement contract between CESVI and YCDC, PCCD

Regarding to the first meeting at PCCD head office, YCDC, PCCD will give all required equipment for compost pilot project in Insein Township and also will give permission letter. And also the agreement contract between PCCD and Cesvi has been preparing.

  • Checking location of compost production site where will be collaborated between Cesvi and EDEN

The place in Shwe Pyithar Township, owned by a parent of student from EDEN school, had already checked. It is observed that the site will be enough for micro compost production.

  • Collection of equipment for compost production by Cesvi

Collection of materials and equipment is being started such as buying and transportation of laborite equipment, straw, EM, cow dent, bamboo frame and rice bran etc.


First steps in Lan Thant

The Pilot Project Lan Thant (Clean Street) started with Workshops in January 2015. Lan Thant promotes integrated solid waste management including the main stakeholders PCCD, Ward administration and Citizens through facilitating between these groups.

The first WS were hold in Tarmwe TSP attended by Ward and Township authority, PCCD. CDA and CESVI acted as facilitator between these Stakeholders to learn about the difficulties faced by the two sides regarding waste, having a general introduction into the problem and finding the right area to start the pilot project. In a second WS attended by the same Stakeholders the group could decide which of the wards would participate in the pilot ject, by selecting 3 wards.


After these initiating WS, CESVI/CDA had 3 assessment meetings in the specified Wards trying to understand the Solid Waste Situation in the Ward and the concerns from the community. The Ward administrator acted as facilitator between the community and PCCD. The concerns in the 3 wards were quite different as they all have a different history of failure and success regarding solving the increased waste, frequent change in the neighborhood and dense living conditions.


After receiving information from the community CESVI/CDA is discussing with its partner PCCD on the possible implementation options.


Participatory approaches for pilot projects aiming at improving the environment in Yangon City

SWM team had implemented the two-day workshop for Lan Thant Pilot Project with the participation of PCCD and two Myanmar Local NGOs, ECODEV and CDA on 17 and 18 Jun of 2014. The workshop was designed to review all the information, suggestions and recommendations collected within the SWM partnership and through other stakeholders including, ECODEV, CDA (Community Development Association), PCCD (Pollution Control and Cleaning Department and WASH practitioners in order to define: (a) whether the pilot project has to be implemented in parallel with the other pilot projects ongoing and planned and (b) to identify viable and potentially successful implementation strategies.


During the workshop the participants discussed the following topics:

  1. Lan Thant Pilot Project [LTPP]: findings of the initial design stage;
  2. Who are the stakeholders that can be potentially involved;
  3. Identification of potential objectives and sub-objectives of the pilot project. Problem analysis and how the LTPP objectives are relevant to the problems analysis;
  4. How to motivate the potential stakeholders to be actively involved in such a kind of initiative;
  5. Initiative diversification (clean street, clean intermediary station, clean backyard, effective recycling collection. etc.). Focusing on the initiatives that have more potential of success;
  6. A winning approach: participatory versus pre-designed; based on enhancing positive models versus responding to negative models;
  7. Activity plan on the base of the initiatives selected. Role of PCCD and other stakeholders.

The workshop included a general discussion of the topics, group works, simulations and drills. At the end of the two-day sessions, the participants drew a possible scenario for the development of the Lan Thant Pilot Project identifying the following findings and steps.



  • LTPP has to focus on 1 or 2 specific single problems of Solid Waste Management rather than trying tackling the whole issue;
  • LTPP has to focus on a very specific and well delimited area of the city, possibly a small one, such as a compound of a pagoda, a compound of a school, a single street, a square, a bus stop, etc;
  • LTPP has to be developed on an existing, well defined Community Based Organization, [CBO] which is already operative and functional and which has objectives that include, at least to a certain extent environment, health or governance issues;
  • Being the CBO at the core of the action, the other essential stakeholders to be involved are:                                                                                                                                                                (1) a local NGO who is in charge of building the specific capacities required to the CBO to implement the LTPP;

(2) PCCD, in charge of supervising the project from the side of the Solid Waste Management Service;

(3) Ward and Township authorities, when public soil is included in the action;

(4) Citizens, at least in terms of awareness and sensitation on best practices in Solid Waste Management;

  • LTPP should rather focus in strengthening and providing exposure to positive cases of best practices rather than trying to tackling the most negative cases of misbehavior.
  • LTPP should be designed in a way to ensure some income generation to those actors who contributes actively in keeping the area “cleaner than before”.


Steps ahead:

  • CESVI in collaboration with interested local partners will design a simple draft for potential pilot, identifying all information necessary in such a kind of activity;
  • CESVI and the local partner will identify a number of CBOs interested in implementing LTPP;
  • Based on the specific situation -selected area, CBO, problems to work on- a detailed pilot project proposal is prepared and agreed by CESVI, the local partner and the CBO and is validated and agreed by PCCD;
  • PCCD organizes a meeting with the township authorities for the final validation of the project;
  • The pilot project is implemented by the CBO in collaboration with PCCD, with technical advice of the local partner and under the supervision of CESVI.


Community Awareness Campaign in Second Year of the Project

In order to improve waste management in the community, the project conducts a Community Awareness Campaign. In the last week of December 2014, the second set of community awareness days were conducted in Tarmwe, Thingangyun and Hlaing Thar Yar.

In the first year, the community awareness campaigns were conducted in Myitta Nyunt Ward Tarmwe Township, 25th Ward in Thingangyun Township and Kyan Sit Thar Housing compound in Hlaing Thar Yar Township. In the second year community awareness campaign was organized in similar style of first year of the project and held in Kyar Kwet Thit Ward-Tarmwe township, 16/4 ward-Thingangyun Township and 16th ward-Hlaing Thar Yar Township.


Awareness days were conducted with the collaboration of one of the project partner, Pollution Control and Cleansing Department, Yangon City Development Committee. In the awareness campaign activities, resident from the ward, Mother and Child Care Association members and Women Affair Association’s members were participated.

The meeting points are usually ward administration offices or religious buildings. At the meeting points CESVI and PCCD explained the purpose of Awareness Campaign and disseminated the knowledge on best practices of waste management. After that all participants conducted the awareness campaign with the bell-ringing waste collection of PCCD. The activities include picking up waste along the road, distribution of awareness pamphlet, 2015 awareness calendar and waste bags to houses, teashops and shops, the people passing by, taxis and rickshaw. The brochure included knowledge on 3R, Good Practices on waste management and City Clean. By using the calendar throughout the whole year, we intended to spread the messages among the community.


The community from ward could see the road get clean in short time after the campaign and gain the knowledge on solid waste management by reading the brochure. The team saw some shops used the 2015 awareness campaign calendar immediately.



KyutKyut was able to be part of an initiative called Weekend Bazaar introduced by the biggest Supermarket chain in Yangon to promote small handicraft projects. One weekend per month from December 2014 to May 2015, the City Mart provides six boots for these projects at the market place, located in the luxury area called Bahan.

The City Mark started as a small supermarket in 1996, City Mart Supermarket has firmly established itself amongst urban households. The Market Place is frequented by the Myanmar upper class and expatriates living in Yangon.


KyutKyut was received with great interest not only from foreigners, who generally have a higher acceptance for recycled material, but also from locals who stressed the importance of such projects in this waste-overflowing city. Therefore customers were divided evenly between foreigners and locals.

Additionally to selling KyutKyut items the SWM2 team was able to distribute its awareness material to customers and start discussions on the importance of a correct waste management in Yangon.


“Kyut Kyut” is a Myanmar expression that means “plastic bag”. This initiative is part of a EU-funded and Yangon-based solid waste management project (SWM2), implemented by Cesvi in partnership with the City of Torino, Amiat and ITHACA, and through close cooperation with the Yangon local authorities.

Like many large cities in developing countries, Yangon faces huge problems due to the littering of plastic bags. This still widespread practice has significant consequences for the urban environment, which often faces flooding because drainage systems get blocked by littered bags, as well as for the health of animals, who eat plastic particles.


Kyut Kyut was initiated with a view to raise awareness in Yangon on the potential of recycling plastic bags into beautiful and useful designs produced locally. At the same time, through ongoing training of a network of local, home-based producers, the project is contributing to the empowerment of Yangon’s community, by transferring manufacturing skills and supporting what will be a local, independent, sustainable and environmentally friendly brand, with a focus on the inclusion of vulnerable groups.

“We are a group of local families collecting old plastic bags from markets, homes and recycling shops. We clean and iron these bags to make colorfully layered sheets, which are then sewed into unique and useful products” says Kyut Kyut spokesperson, Wendy, who is the local initiator of the group.


KyutKyut is working as a cooperative, established in April 2014 with only 3 members and slowly growing, where most women work with disabled children and orphans in Yangon.

CESVI has launched the second phase of its awareness campaign in September 2014, and handed out to more than 2,000 students kits that include Kyut Kyut items that are useful in school, like pencil cases and folder. This has the effect of promoting Kyut Kyut in groups where awareness for high quality recycled material is low, and it gives the groups the chance to increase production and gain experience in manufacturing.

Producers are currently working hard to penetrate the market, introducing their products in different shops in popular markets around Yangon, and they also started selling their products in schools during awareness campaigns and in occasional fairs and events.

More information and updates on Kyut Kyut can be found on the Facebook page


More information and updates on Kyut Kyut canbe found on the project’s official website available at, and on the Facebook page “Solid Waste Management Yangon”.

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